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          佛法雙語工作坊 | 佛說四十二章經 第37章 念戒近道

          2021年09月24日 09:04:00 北京天開寺 點擊:0
          The Sutra of Forty-two Chapters - 37
          佛說四十二章經 第37章
          後漢 西域沙門迦葉摩騰 竺法蘭 同譯
          Translated jointly by Indian Sramana Kasyapa Matanga and Dharmaraksa in the Later Han Dynasty

          法師講解  00:40 開始   單詞 03:24 開始
          第37章 念戒近道
          Observing the Disciplines to Stay Close to the Way

          佛言。佛子離吾數千里。憶念吾戒。必得道果。
          The Buddha said: "O children of Buddha! You are away from me ever so many thousand miles, but if you remember and think of my precepts, you shall surely gain the fruit of enlightenment.

          在吾左右。雖常見吾。不順吾戒。終不得道。
          You may, standing by my side, see me alway, but if you observe not my precepts, you shall never gain enlightenment."

          英文版經文轉載自 菩提字幕屋,英譯者 D.T. Suzuki
          English  version sourced from Bodhi Fansubs, translated by D.T. Suzuki


          法師講解:37 念戒近道
          Commentary: Observing the disciplines to stay close to the way

          There is a story in The Ten Recitations Vinaya: two Bhiksus set off to Shravasti in order to pay respects to the Buddha. On the way they found some water to quench thirst, but they realized that there were small living organisms in water. The Bhiksu who upheld the precepts refused to drink it whereas the other Bhiksu who relaxed the precepts drank the water.  The Bhiksu who had upheld the precepts then died of dehydration but was reborn to heaven because of such merits. He then exercised his supernatural power to appear before the Buddha. On hearing the Buddha’s preaching, he attained the initial achievement and then returned to heaven. The other Bhiksu who had drunk the water only managed to arrive late even though he had survived. He was reprimanded by the Buddha for violating the precepts just to see the Buddha in physical form, but without knowing that observing the disciplines can make him see the Buddha’s essential nature.
          《十誦律》中有一個故事,兩位比丘從遠方前往舍衛城拜見佛陀,中途找水解渴但發現水中有蟲。一位持戒比丘因此沒有把水喝下,而另一位不持戒比丘不想渴死便把水喝掉了。持戒比丘最終死了,但因持戒功德隨即生到天上, 並用神通現身在佛陀面前。佛陀為他說法令他證得初果后他便回到天上。而喝水的比丘雖然活過來但卻姍姍來遲, 佛陀訓斥他不惜破戒只為見佛的肉身,但不知,持戒得見佛的法身。

          Also, just before the Buddha’s nirvana, Ananda asked the Buddha: “During the Buddha’s presence we rely on you as our mentor. After your nirvana, who should we rely on?” The Buddha replied: “After my nirvana, you should rely on the disciplines as your mentor.” In Bodhisattva Vinaya, it is said that upholding the precepts is as desirable as having light in darkness, treasures to the poor, freedom to prisoners, and returning home after long expeditions. The Sutra of Contemplation of Amitayus tells us that if we want to be born in the Western Pure Land we need to practise the three acts of merit, and the second act is upholding precepts.
          另外,佛陀即將涅槃時阿難問佛陀:“佛陀在世時大家以佛為師,當佛陀涅槃后以誰為師?” 佛陀說:“我涅槃后,以戒為師”。菩薩戒里也說到持戒就如同在黑暗中得到光明、貧窮者獲得珍寶、囚犯得以出獄、遠行者得以歸家一樣美好!《觀無量壽經》更告訴我們,念佛求往生凈土的得修凈業三福,其中第二福就是要持戒。

          Precepts are not only intended for Buddhists to observe because some fundamental precepts, including no killing, no stealing, no sexual misconduct and no verbal misconduct relate to deeds which are sinful in essence. Violation of them will result in karmic retribution irrespective of whether you have undertaken the precepts or not. Man-made laws are only the lowest thresholds of behavioral standard, laws of causation are the rules of the universe.
          戒律不單是給佛教徒遵守的,因為一些根本戒律,包括殺、盜、淫、妄屬于性戒,不論你有沒有受戒,都不能違犯否則要承受因果的惡報。世間法律只是行為的最低標準,因果才是天地的法則。

          講解 | 釋宏添   北京天開寺
          By Bhiksu Hong Tian,  Tiankai Temple




           

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